Guidancepoint

Programmable Energy Auditing Equipment for Industry for Instantaneous Electrical Load Survey


Specilization in Project    
Programmable Energy Auditing Equipment for Industry for Instantaneous Electrical Load Survey

This project deals with the calculation of the energy meter billing based on the load consumption given as an input using set up buttons. The microcontroller calculates the rupees that will be consumed by the loads as per the input given and displays it on the 16X2 LCD interfaced with the microcontroller. This project is powered by an on-board power supply takes the ac power and converts it into dc power that is fed to on-board devices and integrated circuits. The microcontroller used in the project is of 8051 family which is of 8 bit. In the project we use the setup buttons which are used for entering the price of the unit. The power supply consists of a step down transformer 230/12V, which steps down the voltage to 12V AC. This is converted to DC using a Bridge rectifier. The ripples are removed using a capacitive filter and it is then regulated to +5V using a voltage regulator 7805 which is required for the operation of the microcontroller and other components.

Hardware Requirements:

Transformer, Diodes, Capacitors, Resistors, LEDS, Micro controller unit, White LEDs, energy meter, opto-isolator, push buttons, Crystal Oscillator.

Software Requirements:

Kiel compiler, Language: Embedded C or Assembly.

Practical Temperature Controller


Specilization in Project    
Practical Temperature Controller

This practical temperature controller controls the temperature of any device according to its requirement for any industrial application. It also displays the temperature on an LCD displays in the range of -55°C to +125°C. At the heart of the circuit is the microcontroller from 8051 family which controls all its functions. An IC DS1621 is used as temperature sensor. The DS1621 Digital Thermometer and Thermostat provides 9-bit temperature readings, which indicate the temperature of the device. User-defined temperature settings are stored in a nonvolatile memory EEPROM through 8051 series microcontroller .Maximum and minimum temperature settings are entered to the MC through a set of switches which are stored in the EEPROM -24C02.Maximum and minimum setting are meant for allowing any hysteresis necessary. Set button is used first and then the temperature setting by INC and then the enter button. Similarly for the DEC button. A relay is driven from the MC through a transistor driver. The contact of the relay is used for the load, shown as a lamp in the circuit. For high power heater load a contactor may be used, the coil of which is operated by the relay contacts in place of the lamp as shown. Standard power supply of 12 volt DC and 5 volt through a regulator are made from a step down transformer along with a bridge rectifier and filter capacitor.

Hardware Requirement

·         Transformer

·         Voltage regulator

·         Diodes

·         Registers

·         Microcontroller (AT89S52)

·         Temperature sensor (DS1621)

·         Capacitors

·         Relay

·         Lamp

·         BC547

·         LCD(16×2)

Software Requirement

·         Keil compiler

·         Voltage Regulator Embedded C

Embedded Systems Training in Pune


Specilization in Project    
Embedded Systems Training in Pune

Salient Features:

  • ·         100% practical with real hardware exposure
  • ·         Training by R & D Teams with years of industry experience
  • ·         State of the art Laboratory
  • ·         Creative Learning environment
  • ·         Extensive Hands on sessions
  • ·         Quality course content

Syllabus Contents:

  • ·         Introduction to Embedded:
  • ·         What is embedded System
  • ·         Embedded Design development life cycle
  • ·         Embedded System Programming
  • ·         Embedded Systems Design Issues
  • ·         Electronics Designing Concepts
  • ·         Trends in Embedded Systems
  • ·         Challenges and Design Issues in Embedded Systems
  • ·         Memory (RAM, ROM, EPROM, EEPROM, FLASH)
  • ·         Host & Target Development environment
  • ·         Cross Compilers
  • ·         Programming Techniques
  • ·         Introduction to Embedded Development tools
  • ·         Assemblers, Compilers, Linkers, Loaders, Debuggers
  • ·         Embedded In-Circuit Emulators and JTAG
  • ·         Tools, Build Tools for Embedded Systems

Embedded C:

  • ·         Why C, why not other languages.
  • ·         Basics of C language
  • ·         Overview of C Programming language
  • ·         Embedded C programming
  • ·         Keywords in embedded c
  • ·         Embedded C language implementation
  • ·         Programming & debugging
  • ·         Interrupt Handling in C
  • ·         Advance programming in Embedded C with practicals
  • ·         Differences from ANSI-C
  • ·         Combining C with Assembly
  • ·         Basics of Program Writing
  • ·         Coding Practices
  • ·         Embedding Assembly code in C program
  • ·         Debugging and Optimization of C programs
  • ·         handling portability issues in C
  • ·         Why C, why not other languages.
  • ·         Basics of C language
  • ·         C Program Structure
  • ·         Variables, Constants, Operators
  • ·         Order of Precedence
  • ·         Conditionals statements & Loops
  • ·         Arrays and Strings
  • ·         Single and Multi-dimensional Arrays
  • ·         Arrays and pointers
  • ·         The C Processor
  • ·         Preprocessor Compiler Control
  • ·         Other Preprocessor Commands
  • ·         Advance programming in Embedded C with practicals

  • Some of the Real Time Project -

    ·         Automatic Wireless Health Monitoring System in Hospitals for Patients

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    ·         Remote Monitoring Of Patient Body Temperature over Internet

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    ·         IOT Based Electricity Energy Meter Reading through Internet

    ü  IOT based electricity energy meter reading through internet IOT based electricity energy meter reading through internet. The main objective of…

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    ·         Distance Calculation for Underground Cable Fault Using GSM

    ü  Distance calculation for underground cable fault using GSM the objective of this project is to determine the distance of underground…

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    ·         Ultra Fast Acting Electronic Circuit Breaker

    ü  Ultra fast acting electronic circuit breaker the project is designed to shut down the power supply when it is…

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    ·         Speed Control Unit Designed for a DC

    ü  Motor Speed control unit designed for a dc motor speed control unit designed for a dc motor. The project is designed to…

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    ·         Programmable Switching Control for Industrial Automation in Repetitive Nature of Work

    ü  Programmable switching control for industrial automation in repetitive nature of work…

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    ·         Programmable Energy Auditing Equipment for Industry for Instantaneous Electrical Load Survey

    ü  Programmable energy auditing equipment industry Instantaneous electrical load survey. This…

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    ·         Practical Temperature Controller

    ü  Practical temperature controller this practical temperature controller controls the temperature of any device according to its requirement for any industrial…

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    ·         PC Based Electrical Load Control

    ü  PC Based Electrical Load Control the Aim of This Project Is To Control The Electrical Appliances Through A Personal Computer…

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Distance Calculation for Underground Cable Fault Using GSM


Specilization in Project    
Distance Calculation for Underground Cable Fault Using GSM

The objective of this project is to determine the distance of underground cable fault from the base station in kilometers. Underground cable system is a common practice followed in major urban areas. While a fault occurs for some reason, at that time the repairing process related to that particular cable is difficult due to exact unknown location of the fault in the cable. Proposed system is used to find out the exact location of the fault and to send an SMS with details to a remote mobile phone using GSM module.

The project uses the standard theory of Ohms law, i.e., when a low DC voltage is applied at the feeder end through a series resistor (Cable lines), then the current would vary depending upon the location of the fault in the cable as the resistance is proportional to the distance. In case there is a short circuit (Line to Ground), the voltage across series resistors changes according to the resistance that changes with distance .This is then fed to an ADC to develop precise digital data which the programmed microcontroller of the 8051 family displays in kilometers.

The project is assembled with a set of resistors representing the cable length in km and the fault creation is made by a set of switches at every known km to cross check the accuracy of the same. The fault occurring at a particular distance, the respective phase along with the distance is displayed on the LCD. The same information is also sent to the concerned authority mobile phone over GSM, interfaced to the microcontroller.

Furthermore, this project can be enhanced by using capacitor in an AC circuit to measure the impedance which can even locate the open circuited cable, unlike the short circuited fault that uses only resistors in DC circuit as followed in the above proposed project.

Hardware Requirements:

8051 series Microcontroller, LCD, Crystal, ADC, Relays, Relay Driver IC, Transformer, Diodes, Voltage Regulator, Resistors, Capacitors, LEDs, slide switches, max232, and GSM module.

Software Requirements:

Keil Compiler Language: Embedded C or Assembly.

 

PC Based Electrical Load Control


Specilization in Project    
PC Based Electrical Load Control

The aim of this project is to control the electrical appliances through a personal computer (PC). For example, theatre lighting can be centrally controlled form the PC for better stage management. Presently, they are manually managed which makes it difficult to coordinate the lighting with the respective scene. With this system, one can control the electrical appliances ON/OFF by just being seated at one place using a PC.

This system is integrated with the electrical loads and also connected to the PC where centralized control takes place. It uses an RS-232 protocol from the microcontroller to communicate with the PC. To turn on/off the appliances, we use Hyper Terminal on PC. Once the connection is established with the PC, then the system starts working. The microcontroller used in this project belongs to 8051 family.

This project can be further enhanced by implementing a GUI based control panel on the PC with appropriate embedded software. The intensity control can also be incorporated using power electronics devices.

 

Note:  The project works only on operating systems having hyper terminal (E.g. Windows XP). The computer must have a RS232 serial port.

 

Hardware Requirements:

8051 series Microcontroller, Level Shifter IC, DB Connector, Relays, Relay Driver, Transformer, Diodes, capacitors, Resistors, LED, Crystal, Lamps.

 

Software Requirements:

Keil compiler

Language: Embedded C or Assembly

 

Programmable Switching Control for Industrial Automation in Repetitive Nature of Work


Specilization in Project    
Programmable Switching Control for Industrial Automation in Repetitive Nature of Work

The project is designed to switch industrial loads using a user programmable logic control device for sequential operation. This operation is generally used for repetitive nature of work. Programmable logic controllers used in industrial applications are very expensive for simple operations like sequential switching of loads. The development of this application requires the configuration of the program through input switches.

In industries, there are many tasks are carried out which requires some repeated operation in various orders and time intervals. For example, certain loads need to be switched ON/OFF in specific time intervals. In set mode, through timers, the machinery works based on input time set by the user where as in auto mode it works on default time settings and finally in the manual mode it functions while respective switches are pressed depending on the users need and flexibility. All the modes and status of loads are displayed on an LCD.

The analysis carried out in this project highlights the concepts, working, advantages and practical applications of programmable logic controllers, along with a comparison with other control systems for industrial automation in repetitive nature of work. This operation is generally used for repetitive nature of work the main objective of the project is to design of any load using embedded system based microcontroller concept. It uses microcontroller from the 8051 family, which is of 8-bit. The development of this application requires the configuration of microcontroller architecture - that is, the selection of the machines, and writing debugging of the application program. In this project, the clock plays an important role, wherein it is used in these modes: the set mode, auto mode and manual mode for controlling different machines. In the set mode - through the inbuilt digital clock - the machinery runs based on the On or Off and on time, whereas in an auto mode, it runs through default settings; and, finally in the manual mode, the real-time systems used extensively in the industrial control applications can run depending on the users need and flexibility.

The power supply consists of a step- down transformer 230/12V, which steps down the voltage to 12V AC. This is converted to DC using a Bridge rectifier. The ripples are removed using a capacitive filter, and it is then regulated to +5V using a voltage regulator 7805, which is required for the operation of the microcontroller and other components.

 

Programmable Energy Auditing Equipment for Industry for Instantaneous Electrical Load Survey


Specilization in Project    
Programmable Energy Auditing Equipment for Industry for Instantaneous Electrical Load Survey

This project deals with the calculation of the energy meter billing based on the load consumption given as an input using set up buttons. The microcontroller calculates the rupees that will be consumed by the loads as per the input given and displays it on the 16X2 LCD interfaced with the microcontroller. This project is powered by an on-board power supply takes the ac power and converts it into dc power that is fed to on-board devices and integrated circuits. The microcontroller used in the project is of 8051 family which is of 8 bit. In the project we use the setup buttons which are used for entering the price of the unit. The power supply consists of a step down transformer 230/12V, which steps down the voltage to 12V AC. This is converted to DC using a Bridge rectifier. The ripples are removed using a capacitive filter and it is then regulated to +5V using a voltage regulator 7805 which is required for the operation of the microcontroller and other components.

Hardware Requirements:

Transformer, Diodes, Capacitors, Resistors, LEDS, Micro controller unit, White LEDs, energy meter, opto-isolator, push buttons, Crystal Oscillator.

Software Requirements:

Kiel compiler, Language: Embedded C or Assembly.

Practical Temperature Controller


Specilization in Project    
Practical Temperature Controller

This practical temperature controller controls the temperature of any device according to its requirement for any industrial application. It also displays the temperature on an LCD displays in the range of -55°C to +125°C. At the heart of the circuit is the microcontroller from 8051 family which controls all its functions. An IC DS1621 is used as temperature sensor. The DS1621 Digital Thermometer and Thermostat provides 9-bit temperature readings, which indicate the temperature of the device. User-defined temperature settings are stored in a nonvolatile memory EEPROM through 8051 series microcontroller .Maximum and minimum temperature settings are entered to the MC through a set of switches which are stored in the EEPROM -24C02.Maximum and minimum setting are meant for allowing any hysteresis necessary. Set button is used first and then the temperature setting by INC and then the enter button. Similarly for the DEC button. A relay is driven from the MC through a transistor driver. The contact of the relay is used for the load, shown as a lamp in the circuit. For high power heater load a contactor may be used, the coil of which is operated by the relay contacts in place of the lamp as shown. Standard power supply of 12 volt DC and 5 volt through a regulator are made from a step down transformer along with a bridge rectifier and filter capacitor.

Hardware Requirement

·         Transformer

·         Voltage regulator

·         Diodes

·         Registers

·         Microcontroller (AT89S52)

·         Temperature sensor (DS1621)

·         Capacitors

·         Relay

·         Lamp

·         BC547

·         LCD(16×2)

Software Requirement

·         Keil compiler

·         Voltage Regulator Embedded C

Distance Calculation for Underground Cable Fault Using GSM


Specilization in Project    
Distance Calculation for Underground Cable Fault Using GSM

The objective of this project is to determine the distance of underground cable fault from the base station in kilometers. Underground cable system is a common practice followed in major urban areas. While a fault occurs for some reason, at that time the repairing process related to that particular cable is difficult due to exact unknown location of the fault in the cable. Proposed system is used to find out the exact location of the fault and to send an SMS with details to a remote mobile phone using GSM module.

The project uses the standard theory of Ohms law, i.e., when a low DC voltage is applied at the feeder end through a series resistor (Cable lines), then the current would vary depending upon the location of the fault in the cable as the resistance is proportional to the distance. In case there is a short circuit (Line to Ground), the voltage across series resistors changes according to the resistance that changes with distance .This is then fed to an ADC to develop precise digital data which the programmed microcontroller of the 8051 family displays in kilometers.

The project is assembled with a set of resistors representing the cable length in km and the fault creation is made by a set of switches at every known km to cross check the accuracy of the same. The fault occurring at a particular distance, the respective phase along with the distance is displayed on the LCD. The same information is also sent to the concerned authority mobile phone over GSM, interfaced to the microcontroller.

Furthermore, this project can be enhanced by using capacitor in an AC circuit to measure the impedance which can even locate the open circuited cable, unlike the short circuited fault that uses only resistors in DC circuit as followed in the above proposed project.

Hardware Requirements:

8051 series Microcontroller, LCD, Crystal, ADC, Relays, Relay Driver IC, Transformer, Diodes, Voltage Regulator, Resistors, Capacitors, LEDs, slide switches, max232, and GSM module.

Software Requirements:

Keil Compiler Language: Embedded C or Assembly.

 

PC Based Electrical Load Control


Specilization in Project    
PC Based Electrical Load Control

The aim of this project is to control the electrical appliances through a personal computer (PC). For example, theatre lighting can be centrally controlled form the PC for better stage management. Presently, they are manually managed which makes it difficult to coordinate the lighting with the respective scene. With this system, one can control the electrical appliances ON/OFF by just being seated at one place using a PC.

This system is integrated with the electrical loads and also connected to the PC where centralized control takes place. It uses an RS-232 protocol from the microcontroller to communicate with the PC. To turn on/off the appliances, we use Hyper Terminal on PC. Once the connection is established with the PC, then the system starts working. The microcontroller used in this project belongs to 8051 family.

This project can be further enhanced by implementing a GUI based control panel on the PC with appropriate embedded software. The intensity control can also be incorporated using power electronics devices.

 

Note:  The project works only on operating systems having hyper terminal (E.g. Windows XP). The computer must have a RS232 serial port.

 

Hardware Requirements:

8051 series Microcontroller, Level Shifter IC, DB Connector, Relays, Relay Driver, Transformer, Diodes, capacitors, Resistors, LED, Crystal, Lamps.

 

Software Requirements:

Keil compiler

Language: Embedded C or Assembly